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  September 30, 2023
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State of Illinois Learning Games and ActivitiesIllinois Activities & Games

Illinois State Unit Study

Illinois Facts, Trivia, Symbols

Illinois State Flag

State Map Outline

Illinois State Bird

Illinois State Flower

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State of Illinois Symbols


Home > Social Studies > Geography > USA Activities > Illinois > Facts

Illinois Facts Information and TriviaIllinois Facts and Trivia

Many symbols of Illinois can be found in our Illinois coloring pages section. This includes state map outlines, the flag, state flower, famous landmarks, state animals and other symbols of the region. These printables make a great resource for student reports.

Check out the Illinois Unit of Study for all coloring pages, information, interactive puzzles, word jumbles, word searches, worksheets, and thematic book reviews. We even included a state quarter observation sheet!

Illinois OutlineState Name: Illinois
State Nickname: The Prairie State
State Capital: Springfield
State Governor: Bruce Rauner
State Abbreviation: Ill.
2 letter Postal Code: IL
Area: 56,400 square miles
Date Entered the Union: Dec. 3, 1818
State #: 21
Borders: Wisconsin, Lake Michigan, Indiana, Kentucky, Missouri, Mississippi River, Iowa, Ohio River
Illinois flagFlag Meaning: The state seal is centered on a white field with gold trim. In the seal, an eagle clutches a shield with stars and stripes that represents the original 13 colonies. The olive branch symbolizes peace. The plains of Illinois are represented by the prairie and rising sun. The dates on the rock is when Illinois was admitted to the Union (1818) and when the seal was adopted (1868). The flag was adopted in 1915.
Number of U.S. Representatives: 19
State Motto: State sovereignty, national union
State Flower: Native Violet
State Bird: Cardinal
State Song: "Illinois"
State Tree: Bur Oak
State Mammal: White-tailed Deer
State Reptile: Painted Turtle
State Fish: Bluegill
10 Largest Cities (in order of size): Chicago, Aurora, Rockford, Naperville, Joliet, Springfield, Peoria, Elgin, Waukegan, Cicero
Famous Residents:
- Jack Benny, comedian
- Ray Bradbury, writer
- Jimmy Connors, tennis player
- Walt Disney, film animator and producer
- Benny Goodman, musician
- Ernest Hemingway, author
- Charlton Heston, actor
- Wild Bill Hickok, cowboy
- Rock Hudson, actor
- William Holden, actor
- Burl Ives, singer
- Quincy Jones, composer
- Bill Murray, actor
- Bob Newhart, comedian
- Richard Pryor, comedian
- Ronald Reagan, president
- Carl Sandburg, poet
- McLean Stevenson, actor
- Gloria Swanson, actress
- Raquel Welch, actress
- Oprah Winfrey, television talk show host
Attractions: Lincoln home and tomb, Bishop Hill, Black Hawk Statue, Brookfield Zoo, Dickson Mounds, Nauvoo, Ulysses S. Grant Home, Vandalia Court House
Agriculture: corn, hogs, cattle, soybeans, dairy, chicken, wine
Industries: machinery, food processing, printing and publishing, fishing, chemicals, manufacturing
Natural Resources: bituminous (soft coal), cement, petroleum, sand and gravel, stone, iron

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Seasons Thematic Unit - Spring - Spring
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Dr. Seuss Thematic Teaching Unit - NEA Read Across America - Read Across America - Dr. Seuss' Birthday
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